What theories, principles and evidence are used in Ayurveda?
Philosophically, Ayurveda defines a human as the assemblage of the five great elements plus the “immaterial self. It uses five element (space/ air, wind, fire, water and earth) and Tridosha theory (Vaata, Pitta, Kapha) to detect personality, ailment and treatment. These elements constitute each individual in different proportions giving a raise to unique combination of three doshas. The dominance of any of these doshas determines the individual constitution, health balance and disorders.
It is like our DNA, our blueprint, hence the combination of the proportions of these elements are unique to every single person. This balance between three doshas within the body is different and also it will react differently to certain environments, hence it is an art to be able to maintain your body in balance in any environment. This unique art on how to maintain it is provided by this science of life – Ayurveda. Lets look deeper into each of these building blocks of our DNA:
Earth represents stability in our physical and mental body. It is the solid state of our body. Our physical body parts such as cells, skeleton, muscles, ligaments, lungs, brain etc. represents this stable earthy element and it is considered a stable substance.
Water illustrates a slow motion change and represents the liquidity of our mind and body. The most part of the human body is made up of water-like liquids: blood, lymph, and subsequent fluids that move between our cells and through our vessels, bringing energy, carrying away wastes, regulating temperature, bringing disease fighters, and carrying hormonal information from one area to another.
Water is a substance without stability. Hence, movement of the water is provided by the Ether and Air.
Fire is the transformational power in our body and mind. It is a our metabolic power to transform solids into liquids and gas, and vice versa. If we look at the mental properties of the fire it is that element which transforms the state of any substance, a dream into reality, and vice versa giving a raise for a new dream and goal to be achieved. Within our bodies, the fire binds the atoms together. It also converts food to fat and muscle. Fire transforms food into energy. With a support of movement it creates the impulses of nervous reactions, our feelings, and our thought processes. Fire is a form without substance.
Air is the bubbly form of matter which is never still. Within the physical body, air is the basis for all movement and reactions. It is a key element required for fire to burn, for thoughts to move, for heart to beat and for the waste products to be eliminated. Air is existence without form.
Ether is the space in which everything happens. It is the field that is simultaneously the source of all
matter and the space in which it exists. Ether is only the distances which separate matter. The chief characteristic of ether is sound. Here sound represents the entire spectrum of vibration.
Every substance in our world is made up of these five substances. All substances can be classified according to their predominant element. For example, a mountain is predominantly made up of earth element. It also contain water, fire, air and ether. But these elements are very small compared to the earth. So, its classification is the earth.
These five elements blend together in a unique way by forming our beautiful personalities and giving a more distinct frame of three Doshas – namely – Vaata, Pitta and Kapha. Vaata is mainly dominant of Ether and Air qualities; Pitta – Fire and Water; Kapha – Water and Earth. Through this theory we then can detect these qualities as they change and we call it Tridosha theory. By detecting ones unique balance of the three doshas prior to any treatment your individual constitution allows us to select necessary products and blends for the treatment. By selecting it carefully it will provide a necessary support to your body at that particular moment.
Due to this very deep science Ayurveda has survived centuries and is a practice based evidence for the last five thousand years as a minimum.
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